Collateral assignment of life insurance is a process where the policyholder assigns their life insurance policy to a lender as collateral to secure a loan. The lender can use the policy’s cash value to pay off the loan if the borrower defaults. However, the policyholder remains the owner of the policy and continues to pay all premiums. A collateral assignment can be used for any type of life insurance policy, but the death benefit must meet the lender’s terms.
How Collateral Assignment Works
A collateral assignment of life insurance policy is a legally binding agreement between the policyholder and the lender. Here are the steps involved in collateral assignment:
|Step 1||The borrower applies for a loan and the lender requires a life insurance policy as collateral.|
|Step 2||The policyholder designates the lender as the policy’s assignee until the loan is repaid.|
|Step 3||The lender has access to the policy’s cash value to use as loan payment if the borrower defaults.|
|Step 4||If the loan is repaid before the borrower’s death, the assignment is removed, and the lender is no longer the beneficiary of the death benefit.|
It’s important to note that a collateral assignment of a life insurance policy is irrevocable, and the policyholder may not use the cash value of the policy until the loan has been repaid. If the borrower defaults on the loan, the policy could be at risk of being lost, meaning the beneficiaries may not receive the money they planned to inherit.
Alternatives to Collateral Assignment
If you’re considering using a collateral assignment to secure a loan, there are alternatives to consider:
- Policy loan: If you already have a life insurance policy with a cash value, you can borrow against it. Policy loans are not taxed and have less stringent requirements such as no credit or income checks. However, this option would not work if you do not already have a permanent life insurance policy because the cash value component takes time to build.
- Surrendering your policy: You can surrender your policy to access any cash value you’ve built up. However, your beneficiaries would no longer receive a death benefit.
- Other loan types: You can apply for other loans, such as a personal loan, that do not require life insurance as collateral. You could use loans that rely on other types of collateral, such as a home equity loan that uses your home equity.
Consult with a financial advisor to discuss which option may be most appropriate for your financial situation.
- Investopedia. Collateral Assignment Of Life Insurance - Progressive
- The Guardian Life Insurance Company of America. A Collateral Assignment Of Life Insurance
- Policygenius. Collateral Assignment Of Life Insurance
- Progressive. Collateral Assignment
- Forbes. What Is Collateral Assignment (Of A Life Insurance Policy)?